Ethiopia: State of Emergency Used as Systematic State Repression  in Ethiopia

 

                      HRLHA  Press Release

————————————————————————————————————————————-

November 20, 2016

The  March 2014 Oromo student protests, which began at Jima University and spread quickly to Ambo University then in a few days to all universities, colleges, high schools and elementary schools in Oromia and continued for two months, captured the attention of the world community for the first time.  In those two months, over 81 Oromos, mostly university students, were killed and thousands detained by the crackdown on the protest by Agazi force  and  silenced.  After  eighteen months, the protest flared up again on  November 12, 2015  in Ginchi Town in Western Showa 80 km south of the capital city.   Since then, Oromia has remained in a human rights and humanitarian crisis. The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) lists over 2000 Oromo deaths, thousands of disappearances and tens of thousands of detentions. Many more thousands have left their homes behind and are now living in forests in order to escape the TPLF sponsored killing squads.

To calm the peoples’ anger- after indiscriminate shootings  from both the ground and the air of innocent Oromos at the Irrecha festival in Bishoftu on October 2, 2016- the government declared a state of emergency on October 8, 2016

Since the State of Emergency was declared, millions of  Oromo civilians across Oromia, including children, have been forced to endure a life of hardship under siege .

District Missing
Elfata 6
Ambo Town 4
Babich 5
Bakko 3
Chobe 6
Gudar Town 28
Ginci Town 9
Total 61

Oromo civilians of all walks of life continue to be at the receiving end of frequent indiscriminate attacks by the TPLF  government killing force Agazi every day. Killings, rapings and the looting of money and valuables  are common; every day people’s houses are broken into by government forces. The killing squad Agazi  force  also continues to commit other grave violations, including war crimes such as indiscriminate killings, arbitrary detentions, torture, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in Amhara  region and Konso zone in Southern people regional state.

According to the HRLHA informants, many Oromo youths have gone missing on a daily basis from their homes, workplaces and universities. Oromos missing from West Shewa districts are listed in table 1. About 149 people from Debre Markos town  Gojjam zone  in  Amhara regional state (307 km distance from Addis Ababa)   have been detained in Maikelawi Adis Ababa according to HRLHA’s informants.

The following are among the many Oromos detained in Showa zones, Central Oromia  by TPLF forces in November 2016

# Name Place of Detention
1 Gazu Abara Bacho, South West Shewa
2  Mamo Kabada Bacho , South West Shewa
3 Guddisa Balcha Bacho , South West Shewa
4 Boddina Guta Bacho, South West Shewa
5 Tagany Hayile Bacho, South West  Shewa
6 Moti Didda Bacho, South West Shewa
7 Tariku Gutama Bacho, South West Shewa
8 Birhanu Nuguse Bacho, South West Shewa
9 Abbaba Girma Bacho, South West Shewa
10 Malkamu Kabade Bacho, South West  Shewa
11 Golaa Hayilu Bacho, South West Shewa
12 Aman Roba Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

13 Badhane Mammo (F) Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

14 Husen Kallata Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

15 Tasho Chaka Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community

South East Shewa

16 Qanani Biftu Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

17 Namichu Gammado Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

18 Kadir Jarra Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

19 Hamid Jarra Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community South East Shewa

20 Habib Jarra Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

# Name Place of Detention
21 Dargi Jilo Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

22 Abbayu Jilo Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

23 Hirpha Ida’o Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community South East Shewa

24 Aman Hidato Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

25 Kadir Nunno Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

26 Ankura Ida’o Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

27 Gammado Gishe Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

28 Kabada Rooba Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

29 Abadi Galato Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community South East Shewa

30 Abdo Tubbe Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

31 Kadir Kibba Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

32 Milkesso Shukri Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

33 Bariso Ida’o Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community South East Shewa

34 Abbooma Wayyu Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

35 Kadir Kibbesso Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community South East Shewa

36 Jamaal Tubala,

community Adiministretar

Shashamanne,Tatessa

Community (South East Shewa)

 

Though it is difficult to obtain information from Ethiopia due to the government’s suspension of all information outlets including Facebook, the Internet and others,  HRLHA’s documentation provide fresh evidence that  group exterminations are taking place at night in Oromia. For example, on November 6, 2016 at 5:00 am, three brothers- Marabu Jamalo, Abdissa Jamalo and Tola Jamalo- were killed in cold blood by the TPLF killing squad Agazi force  in their home in Easter Arsi Zone in Shirka district. Their father Mr. Jamalo Hussein said “my children have been killed by the fascist government killing squad, Agazi, not because they stole or did  anything wrong,  but only because they are  Oromos”. Such crimes are widespread all over Oromia and Amhara regional states, especially at night, and are being perpetrated on an ever-increasing scale and as part of the State of Emergency policy. There is also  evidence of the government targeting special groups such as youth, educated citizens and journalists.

 

 

 

 

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